After World War I, the Treaty of Versailles and the Treaty of Trianon
stipulated that neither the German Reich nor the Kingdom of Hungary be allowed to possess or produce aircraft. However, both states circumvented these terms in the 1920s and 1930s. By doing this, the German Reich created the basis for the development of an efficient aviation industry, which was placed at the service of the military buildup for Hitler’s planned war immediately after the transfer of power to the National Socialists.
For Hungary, the revision policy pursued in the interwar period and the rapprochement to the National Socialist Germany ended in an alliance with Hitler.
This fatal shoulder-to-shoulder partnership finally dragged the country into World War II, in whose course the Hungarian aviation industry produced German types of aircraft under license. Thus, part of the German aircraft production was prevented from Allied bombings, because Hungary at that time was not yet within the reach of the Allied air raiding forces.
The Military History Museum of Budapest and the Militärhistorische Museum der Bundeswehr – Flugplatz Berlin-Gatow (Bundeswehr Museum of Military History – Berlin-Gatow Airfield) address this topic within the scope of a joint exhibition project. The exhibition shows the close ties between politics and arms industry, using the aircraft production of both countries during the interwar period and World War II as an example.